To see firsthand how students are progressing as teachers, faculty members will observe students' classrooms multiple times over the course of the program to provide formative feedback. For example, faculty members may conduct three observations during the students’ first year and two observations during the students’ second year, depending on their program. Students’ dean and faculty members will provide specific information about the minimum number of observations to be conducted throughout the program. Individual faculty members may choose to observe more often and to provide coaching and feedback. All observations are announced and scheduled in advance. Failure to be present and teaching at the time of observation can result in a failing grade for the assessment. After each observation, faculty members share data collected during the observation and discuss students’ strengths and areas of growth. In some cases, observations may be conducted via video recording.